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Global Warming : Climate Change Initiatives



Forest & Environment : Smart Goals 2008-2009
To take actions with regard to Climate change and its awareness
To take special measures for Gir Lions
To expedite forest settlement issues and dwellers' rights
To utilize the JBIC fund for afforestation
To increase network of JFMs and expand the coverage of Eco- clubs
To finalise the Eco fragile zone through surveys
Development of new forests / eco based tourism spots
Declaration of Chhari Dhandh as Conservation reserve
Relocation of maldharis on alternate lands
To take series of preventive pollution measures, through user industries and companies and make an Environmental Infrastructure Plan for 10 years in light of Vibrant Gujarat offers.
To ensure more strict enforcement of pollution control laws and encourage. P- P- P in laying of effluent lines , pipes and adoption of hazard dumping sites for green zones
The Environment wing of the Department is the apex body in the Gujarat State for implementation of all the environment related matters to achieve the sustainable development in the State and introducing the sound environmental management practices. The Department has four executing agencies viz Gujarat Pollution Control Board, Gujarat Ecology Commission, Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology and Gujarat Environmental Management Institute, for discharging its functions.

Various studies are initiated for Environmental Management and sustainable development in the State of Gujarat by identifying the critical areas that need special attention for Green Cover. The Forest and Environment initiatives have been implemented at length as 60% of Population in Gujarat dwells in rural areas who rely for living on Forest regions. Hence, the regeneration, maintaining the productivity level and sustainability of the non-forest lands, particularly the common lands has become imperative for the state for a continuous supply of rural needs.

Gujarat Forest Department manage a “Social Forestry Programme” for planting trees on non-forest lands and became a pioneer to improve Green Cover of the state. The objectives were to increase the number of trees in Gujarat, promoting the participation of people and institutions to grow trees, make use of unproductive land to productive use apart from many other areas that called for attention towards sustainable growth.

Managing Climate Change is a major challenge to humanity. To tackle it, Gujarat has established a separate Department for Climate Change. This Initiative by Gujarat Government is a trendsetter not only for India but for the whole of Asia as it is the “First in Asia” with a Department for Climate Change. It is the only 4th State/Province in the World to have a Department for Climate Change.

Set up in February 2009, the Department is headed by Shri Narendra Modi to handle issues of Climate Change. The Initiative is to give a human face to environmental issues; empower people to become active agents of sustainable development; promote an understanding that communities are pivotal to changing attitudes towards environmental issues; and advocate partnership, which will ensure all citizens and people in Gujarat to enjoy a safer and more prosperous future.

The Green Priorities of DCC:
Promote Green Tech
Earn more carbon credits
Power saving
Preserve ground water
Promote CNG network
Increase mangrove cover
Fund research in Green Tech
Preparation of comprehensive multi-dimensional Climate Change Policy of Gujarat State – Conservation of Land, Water and Air
Coordination with all other departments with respect to Climate Change Educational curricula on Climate Change will be prepared and introduced.
Universities will undertake R&D on Climate Change along with introduction of new courses and teachers training modules on Climate Change.
Public Participation and Public Awareness will be developed in this cause in an extensive way
Cooperation with national and international agencies will be undertaken. Constant interactions and consultation will be undertaken with National Clean Development Authority and concerned international agencies under the umbrella of United Nations.

Thirty nine clean energy initiatives of energy and petrochemicals, urban transportation, forest and environment, rural development and industrial and mines will fall under this new Department. It will also carry out a study on the impact of global warming along the State's 1600 km. coastline. Gujarat currently has 29 percent share of the entire country's carbon credit. State government further intends to launch 'Green Credit Movement' on the lines of carbon credit. Under the Green credit movement, if someone cuts trees to set up an Industry he would have to replace with the same number of full grown trees.


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Gujarat’s Initiatives In Environment Conservation
1. A Dynamic, Investor friendly, new Solar Policy with a target to set up 500 MW of Solar Energy Plants
2. A proactive Wind Power Policy to make the wind energy capacity from 1300 MW to 8000 MW
3. 39 Clean Development Mechanism (CMD). Projects identified with an estimated CER @ 28 million / annum from Sectors like Energy and Petrochemicals, Urban Transportation, Forest and Environment, Rural Development and Industries and Mines
4. Gujarat leads the CDM Market in the country. Almost 40% of the Certified Emission reductions (CER) issued till 1st February 2009 in India are from Gujarat
5. Gandhinagar Solar Energy Project under implementation, as a part of Energy Conservation Program and is under CDM Projects.
6. Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) being implemented to shift 40% of the trips from Personal transport vehicles to Public Transport.
7. 70 Plants of 96 compost Plants in the Urban local bodies of India are in Gujarat and are operational.
8. Large Urban Efficiency Program covering all Municipal Corporations and Municipalities in the State under implementation which will lead to 30% energy saving.
9. 2200 Kms of Gas Grid under implementation. A master plan of Rs.8000 Crores to provide 20 lac domestic connections, CNG Stations for Auto fuel. Major Industrial Estates would be provided Gas as a fuel.
10. India’s first and two LNG Terminals – Dahej and Hazira are in Gujarat, with the plants to set up two additional LNG Terminals at Mundra and Pipavav.
11. 3.6 Lac Auto Vehicles switched over to Clean Fuel of CNG/LPG in the last 7 years. Ahmedabad, which was the 4th Most Polluted city in India has improved to the 66th rank in the last four years.
12. 25000 Hectares of Mangrove Forest have been added in the Postal areas of Gujarat which will be working as strong Carbon Sink absorbing 50 tons of Carbon per Hectare.
13. Social Forestry in Gujarat has achieved a benchmark of 14 Trees per Hectare.
14. Ground Water dependence has been reduced by a laying a State wide Water Grid which covers 75% of the Population with sustainable surface water resources for drinking water.
15. 3 Lac Water Harvesting Structures constructed in last 5 years has increased the ground water level throughout the State and increased the Agriculture Income by four times.
16. Drip Irrigation System (DIS) has been introduced and inter-linking of 21 rivers of the State for Conservation of water.

The Protection of Environment is rooted in Indian Culture
Shri Narendra Modi

Factopedia: Global Warming
There is seriousness of Global Warming, an increase in the earth's temperature due to the use of fossil fuels and other industrial processes leading to a buildup of "greenhouse gases" (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons) in the atmosphere. It has been known since 1896 that carbon dioxide helps stop the sun's infrared radiation from escaping into space and thus functions to maintain the earth’s relatively warm temperature. This is called the "greenhouse effect."

Many of the world's top scientists have urged immediate action, and have called for international cooperation on the problem. Many scientists agree that warmer temperatures would cause rise in sea levels, the oceans when warmed up will occupy more space. The glaciers and polar ice will begin to melt. Since humidity of the atmosphere increases with the temperature, more snow would fall on earth’s extremes. It is is predicted by 2030, the sea will rise by 150 to 300 mm endangering coastal town and cities around the world. The growing blanket of Carbon dioxide gas will become thicker and cause havoc. The Nuclear threat of explosions has yet posed another man made environmental imbalance and it’s after effects will have yet to be weighed as to the cause of temperature effects.
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